An Insight into CBD Oil: How it Works and What it’s Used For

Given the increasing attention to Canabidiol or CBD oil in the media over the past year you may be wondering whether this oil is right for you. Lets explore this further.


A cannabinoid is one of a class of diverse chemical compounds. It acts on cannabinoid receptors in cells that alter neurotransmitter release in the brain. Ligands for these receptor proteins include the endocannabinoids (produced naturally in the body by animals), the phytocannabinoids (found in cannabis and some other plants), and synthetic cannabinoids (manufactured artificially). The most notable cannabinoid is the phytocannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). This is the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis. Cannabidiol (CBD) is another major constituent of the plant. There are at least 113 different cannabinoids isolated from cannabis. These exhibiting varied effects.


Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring cannabinoid constituent of cannabis. It was discovered in 1940 and initially thought not to be pharmaceutically active. It is one of at least 113 cannabinoids identified in hemp plants. These account for up to 40% of the plant’s extract.In recent years, the number of CBD oil users in the UK has increased an impressive amount. This has led to an increased interest in what it is and what it does. Anyone who’s familiar with cannabis oil will know that it is a substance that is extracted from the cannabis plant itself. However not everyone knows where the UK stands on its use.

UK Legality

The legality of CBD oil in the UK is something that’s highly debated. The exact laws have proved to be confusing for most. Whereas some people believe that it should be illegal, many people think the opposite. In fact, there are entire organisations dedicated to legalising CBD oil consumption. Impressively, these made a difference when CBD oil was legalised last year. Currently, CBD oil is legal throughout the UK.

There’s a great deal of confusion around CBD oil UK law, with a lot of people assuming that it is illegal. Currently, CBD is completely legal in the UK. This is because CBD is not a controlled substance and therefore there are no restrictions over its use. If the CBD product was derived from one of the 63 industrial hemp strains that have been approved by the EU, it is 100% legal.

When focusing on CBD oil being legal in the UK, it’s important to consider THC. THC is the chemical in CBD that’s responsible for causing the high that’s often associated with cannabis use, and THC is illegal. Therefore, though CBD is completely legal there are strict restrictions over its THC content. Currently, CBD oil in the UK can only have a maximum THC content of 0.2%. Any CBD oil with a higher THC content remains to be illegal and use is prohibited.

Using CBD oil in the UK is a relatively new thing and there are still people that aren’t entirely on board with its use. But, it is slowly gaining popularity with more and more CBD oil UK sites appearing online. People are beginning to see that there are many benefits to taking it.

This increase in people using CBD oil is largely due to the fact that it is being sold on the UK high street. Simply, a lot more people are aware of its benefits and are now able to get their hands on it with ease.

There are several different ways to take CBD oil, which means there’s something for everyone. Whereas some people choose to take a dose directly into their mouth, using a dropper or an easy to use mouth spray, others prefer to absorb it through the skin; this can be done by adding CBD oil to moisturisers, lotions for it to slowly sink in. Another way to take CBD oil is through vaping.


The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a biological system composed of endocannabinoids, which are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors, and cannabinoid receptor proteins that are expressed throughout the mammalian central nervous system (including the brain) and peripheral nervous system. The endocannabinoid system is involved in regulating a variety of physiological and cognitive processes.

The ECS is also involved in mediating some of the physiological and cognitive effects of voluntary physical exercise in humans and other animals, such as contributing to exercise-induced euphoria as well as modulating locomotor activity and motivational salience for rewards.

Two primary endocannabinoid receptors have been identified: CB1, first cloned in 1990; and CB2, cloned in 1993. CB1 receptors are found predominantly in the brain and nervous system, as well as in peripheral organs and tissues, and are the main molecular target of the endocannabinoid ligand (binding molecule), anandamide, as well as its mimetic phytocannabinoid, THC. One other main endocannabinoid is 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) which is active at both cannabinoid receptors, along with its own mimetic phytocannabinoid.

All in all, CBD oil holds many benefits to the body. The Healthline outlines these as so; from promoting sleep to boosting appetites or reducing stress, anxiety and depression.

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